Dubrovnik Cathedral: Treasury Beyond Magic
The Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin or Dubrovnik’s Cathedral is a top attraction in Dubrovnik city.
Records state the Cathedral dates back to the 7th century. Archeological diggings showed that Dubrovnik’s Cathedral is built on top of two older churches, which foundations and walls were found under the base of the Cathedral.
The first church to be revealed dates back to the 7th or the 8th century. However, this older church had major changes around the 10th century. Some of the modifications consisted of building a dome on top and painting frescoes on its walls.
It is said that Dubrovnik’s original church was rebuilt by King Richard the Lion-Heart. Around the 12th century, just after the last crusade, King Richard suffered a shipwreck and was cast on Lokrum island. And in recognition of the people’s hospitality, he funded Dubrovnik’s Cathedral in 1192.
Unfortunately, the mesmerizing Baroque Cathedral suffered many damages following the earthquake of 1667. However, reconstruction works started just after the earthquake, and the Cathedral was completely rebuilt in 1713.
The Architecture of Dubrovnik Cathedral
The design of Dubrovnik’s Cathedral is very catching. It has plain side walls richly decorated with pillars and windows.
When you arrive there, the first thing you’re going to notice is the four Corinthian columns in the front, flanking the entrance of the Cathedral. These columns are very sleek and slender, and they are richly decorated in their upperparts.
After you go up the few steps leading to the entrance, take a glimpse at the door. A Baroque-style window is built just above it.
In the upper part of the Cathedral, you will notice a gable roof, which is a triangular-shaped roof, and four statues representing saints standing on a railing, which is supported by many balusters.
The façade features two narrow niches on each side, containing a statue of Joseph with Child and a statue of the patron saint of the city, St. Blaise (or St. Vlaho).
The Cathedral is built on the shape of a three-nave building with a dome on top.
When you go inside, you will notice a Basilica-type building. The central nave features two aisles and massive columns. At the intersection of the central nave and the transepts, there’s a large dome with a Baroque design.
The Cathedral of Dubrovnik has, also, three apses and numerous altars.
If you take a closer look at the main altar, there’s a beautiful polyptych decorating it. If you don’t know what a polyptych is, it’s a type of painting divided into panels. Folds or joints usually attach these panels.
Italian Renaissance artist Titian originally painted this altarpiece in 1552. Initially, the painting was located in the St. Lazarus church. And, following the 1667 earthquake in Dubrovnik, the painting was moved to Dubrovnik’s Cathedral. It portrays the Assumption of Mary.
Other beautiful paintings by Dalmatian and Italian artists can be seen on the other altars, as well.
The Altar of Petilovrijenci, for example, was built in memorial of three saints. The bones of these Montenegro saints were imported to Dubrovnik. At first, the saints’ remains weren’t in Dubrovnik’s Cathedral; they were in the Church of Petilovrijenci. But, following the 1667 earthquake, the church was very affected and damaged.
So, the remains were brought to Dubrovnik’s Cathedral. It was, in some way, an encouraging motive to many pilgrims so they can come to Dubrovnik.
There’s an interesting story behind the altar of Our Lady of the Port. This votive altar contains a small collection of jewels made from coral. Back in the time, sailors used to pray at this altar to be safe when they are working in the middle of the sea. And they used to leave coral ornaments there.
Another important altar to mention is St. John’s altar. This jaw-dropping Baroque altar is made of beautiful purple marble.
Dubrovnik’s Cathedral holds 182 reliquaries! It’s one of the richest Cathedrals on the Adriatic. These reliquaries are containers to various precious relics dating from the 11th to the 18th century.
The relics found in the Cathedral of Dubrovnik consist of sacral dishes, beautiful paintings, and remains like the leg, the arm, and the head of St. Blaise, the patron saint of Dubrovnik city. Some even say it contains pieces of clothes of Jesus Christ himself.
An important thing to mention is Dubrovnik’s Cathedral was severely damaged following the earthquake of 1667. Thus, many pieces were never to be found. What we see today is the remaining objects found following the earthquake, which definitely proves the Cathedral owned such a rich and varied treasury.
Of course, the most important relics are the head, the leg and the arm of St. Blaise, the patron saint of the city. Spooky, right?
The reliquary containing the head of St. Blaise is well ornate. It dates back to the 11th or 12th century, and it shows the meticulous work done by Dubrovnik’s best jewelers. The reliquary is shaped like an imperial crown of the Byzantine type and is decorated with gemstones and medals.
Apart from the numerous and vibrant reliquaries, the treasury of Dubrovnik’s Cathedral holds many priceless artworks. Some artworks date back to the 13th century, like the Virgin with Child.
Famous masters like Padovanini and Parmigianino painted some of these pieces of art.
The Dubrovnik Cathedral does sound magical, right? Well, you can experience that magic first hand by joining one of our tours around Dubrovnik!